The Development Dilemma of my country's Canned Fruit Industry
Extensive growth mode: In recent years, the overall output of canned fruits in my country has continued to rise, but the growth mode of the entire industry is extensive, which is reflected in the low added value of products, low product profits, lack of brand innovation and other factors, making the profit margin of canned products very narrow. According to statistics from relevant departments, the average sales profit rate of 500 canned food companies nationwide in 2007 was 2.86%, and the annual per capita profit and tax was only about 8,000 yuan. In addition, disorderly and chaotic market competition has increased the risk of corporate investment and reduced profit margins.
Industry regulations and safety status are not optimistic: At present, my country's canned fruit industry regulations are relatively lacking, and production practitioners have narrow concepts and serious violations. Specifically, the illegal use of colorants, sweeteners and other food additives, or even the use of industrial additives, seriously threatens the health of consumers. In addition, due to the backward production equipment of some enterprises, it is difficult to eliminate impurities (hair, glass, etc.) in canned fruits. The above problems are enough to cause the entire industry and relevant departments to attach great importance.
In addition, in the opinion of some consumers, because canned food undergoes high pressure during the production process and requires a large amount of preservatives to keep it fresh during storage, the safety panic that eating canned food is harmful to the human body has seriously affected the consumption of canned food.
Increasing production costs: In recent years, as my country's canned fruit market has become increasingly saturated, the production costs of canned companies have increased, and the prices of raw and auxiliary materials have risen sharply, making canned companies more difficult. It is specifically manifested in sugar, edible oil, coal, oil, electricity, water, transportation, packaging and labor costs, among which packaging materials account for more than 1/3 of the production cost. In addition, the price increase in the basic industry of canned fruits not only directly aggravated the production cost of canned food, but also because of factors such as the time difference between signing the contract and the domestic price increase and market competition, enterprises must bear huge economic losses and market pressure.
Trade barriers are increasing: my country's canned fruits are exported to more than 140 countries and regions such as Europe, the United States, Japan, and Singapore. Among them, Europe, the United States, Japan and other regions account for an absolute share of my country's canned fruit exports. Since 1998, my country has faced various trade sanctions from Europe and the United States. First, the canned mushrooms exported to the United States were subject to anti-dumping sanctions; then, the canned oranges exported to Europe were upgraded from a temporary safeguard measure to a final safeguard measure. This safeguard measure It will continue until 2008. Facts have proved that the export of Chinese canned oranges has been strictly controlled by Europe, which means an unfair trade practice.
In recent years, high tariffs in Europe and the United States, new regulations on packaging materials in the EU, new regulations on food labeling in the EU, and regulations on drug residues in Japan have all seriously affected my country’s foreign trade in canned fruits. The specific manifestations are as follows:
High tariffs in Europe and America: European and American countries use dumping as an excuse to impose high anti-dumping duties on canned fruits and vegetables in our country, resulting in an increase in export costs; EU new packaging materials regulations: EU on bisphenol epoxy resin and phenolic epoxy resin in canned fruits New regulations have been implemented on the content of o-phenol epoxy resin, requiring that bisphenol A epoxy resin and phenolic epoxy resin must not be detected in canned food, and the content of o-phenol epoxy resin must be less than 1 ppm (currently, the tinplate coating of China’s can industry Epoxy phenolic coatings made by copolymerization of epoxy resin and phenolic resin are very likely to cause these three substances to remain in empty tinplate cans, and the threshold for canned food exports to the EU has been raised); EU new regulations on food labeling: EU requires genetic modification Foods with ingredients exceeding 0.9% must be labeled with relevant labels; Japanese drug residue regulations and Japan’s positive list system implement "temporary standards" and 0.01ppm "universal standards" for fruit pesticide residue limit standards, becoming the export of China's plant-derived products Important constraints of Japan.
Domestic demand for canned fruits is not prosperous: At present, my country’s canned food is mainly for export, and the domestic consumer market is relatively lagging. Due to the lack of strong brands in domestic canned food, weak publicity awareness, and many misunderstandings among consumers, my country’s per capita annual consumption of canned food is less than 1,000 grams. The per capita annual consumption of canned food in the United States is 90 kilograms and that in Japan is 23 kilograms. Therefore, there is still a lot of market space for canned fruits in my country.